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How Does Charitable Giving Respond to Incentives and Income? New Estimates From Panel Data

Bakija, Jon and Heim, Bradley T.

Abstract:

We estimate the elasticity of charitable giving with respect to persistent and transitory price and income changes using a 1979–2006 panel of tax returns. Our estimation procedure allows for anticipation of and gradual adjustment to tax changes, controls for various potential sources of omitted variable bias via fixed effects and income-class specific year dummies, and allows for a flexible non-linear relationship between income and charitable giving. Our most convincing estimates are identified by differences in the time-paths of tax incentives across states, and suggest a persistent price elasticity in excess of one in absolute value.

Citation

Bakija, Jon and Heim, Bradley T. (2011), How Does Charitable Giving Respond to Incentives and Income? New Estimates From Panel Data, National Tax Journal, 64:2, pp. 615-50

DOI: dx.doi.org/10.17310/ntj.2011.2S.08